IMPROVING DATA COLLECTION AT WILDLIFE CARE FACILITIES: DEVELOPMENT OF A PATIENT FORM BASED ON THE CASES OF WILD ANIMALS ADMITTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF FRANCA VETERINARY TEACHING HOSPITAL BETWEEN 2004 AND 2014

  • Otávio Luís de Oliveira Henriques Paulo Universidade de Franca - UNIFRAN Discente - Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal
  • Valéria Amorim Conforti Universidade de Franca - UNIFRAN Docente - Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal
Palavras-chave: anthropogenic factors, data collection, veterinary records, wildlife care, wildlife conservation

Resumo

The objective of this study was to conduct a retrospective analysis on the cases of wildlife brought to the UNIFRAN-VTH in order to develop a patient form that could improve the efficiency of data collection. Medical records of all wildlife admitted to the VTH between 2004 and 2014 were analyzed, including: species; health condition upon arrival; cause of injuries (if known); date of admission; information on the person who brought the animal to the facility; and a description of the circumstances in which the animal was found (ex. wounded by the side of a highway; attacked by dogs, etc.), if available. A total of 317 wild animals were admitted to the facility, including birds (68%, n=217), mammals (30%, n=96), and reptiles (1%, n=4). Among birds, the taxonomic Families most frequently brought to the VTH were Psittacidae (26%, n=57), Ramphastidae (14%, n=31), and Falconidae (13%, n=29). Regarding mammals, the majority of individuals belonged to the Families Canidae (25%, n=24) or Mirmecofagidae (21%, n=20). The four reptiles belonged to the Families Testudinidae (50%) or Boidae (50%). Anthropogenic factors were confirmed as cause of the injuries in approximately 19% (n = 61) of the cases; of these patients, 62% had been hit by a vehicle. The most frequent clinical findings or situations were orthopedic injuries (30%), orphaned animals (9%), or miscellaneous wounds (8%). The study detected a lack of relevant information in several records; thus, a form has been proposed herein to facilitate and improve data collection in wildlife treatment cases.

Biografia do Autor

Valéria Amorim Conforti, Universidade de Franca - UNIFRAN Docente - Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal
Laboratório de Reprodução Animal - Hospital Veterinário - UNIFRAN
Publicado
2016-03-30
Seção
Artigo Ciências da Biológicas, Naturais e Ambientais