IMPROVING DATA COLLECTION AT WILDLIFE CARE FACILITIES: DEVELOPMENT OF A PATIENT FORM BASED ON THE CASES OF WILD ANIMALS ADMITTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF FRANCA VETERINARY TEACHING HOSPITAL BETWEEN 2004 AND 2014
ResumoThe objective of this study was to conduct a retrospective analysis on the cases of wildlife brought to the UNIFRAN-VTH in order to develop a patient form that could improve the efficiency of data collection. Medical records of all wildlife admitted to the VTH between 2004 and 2014 were analyzed, including: species; health condition upon arrival; cause of injuries (if known); date of admission; information on the person who brought the animal to the facility; and a description of the circumstances in which the animal was found (ex. wounded by the side of a highway; attacked by dogs, etc.), if available. A total of 317 wild animals were admitted to the facility, including birds (68%, n=217), mammals (30%, n=96), and reptiles (1%, n=4). Among birds, the taxonomic Families most frequently brought to the VTH were Psittacidae (26%, n=57), Ramphastidae (14%, n=31), and Falconidae (13%, n=29). Regarding mammals, the majority of individuals belonged to the Families Canidae (25%, n=24) or Mirmecofagidae (21%, n=20). The four reptiles belonged to the Families Testudinidae (50%) or Boidae (50%). Anthropogenic factors were confirmed as cause of the injuries in approximately 19% (n = 61) of the cases; of these patients, 62% had been hit by a vehicle. The most frequent clinical findings or situations were orthopedic injuries (30%), orphaned animals (9%), or miscellaneous wounds (8%). The study detected a lack of relevant information in several records; thus, a form has been proposed herein to facilitate and improve data collection in wildlife treatment cases.
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